Images © protected Woodland Trust. Downy birch is more upright than silver birch and the bark is browner in colour with more obvious horizontal grooves and lacking the papery quality of the silver birch. Downy birch provides food and habitat for more than 300 insect species. Downy beech is a deciduous tree with a single trunk up to 25 m in height. Downy birch leaves. Female catkins are smaller, bright green and erect. This makes it possible for other, more demanding trees to move in. Silver birch and downy birch - bark. Male catkins are long and brownish-yellow, whereas female catkins are shorter, smaller and bright green. The male catkins are formed in the autumn and will remain on the tree all winter – only opening in April or May. In early Celtic mythology, the birch symbolised renewal and purification. The most usual is the downy birch, which like silver birch is a delicate tree with fine branches and small leaves. Good for damp upland areas. Masses of tiny seeds are borne in autumn and dispersed by the wind. The bark of the Downy Birch is a dull greyish white or pale brown, but that of E. White Birch is striking white, papery, with black fissures. 1982873. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. It is a deciduous tree growing to 10 to 20 m (33 to 66 ft) tall (rarely to 27 m), with a slender crown and a trunk up to 70 cm (28 in) (exceptionally 1 m) in diameter, with smooth but dull grey-white bark finely marked with dark horizontal lenticels. Biology & Ecology: Life cycle. © Copyright 2020 The Conservation Volunteers, Registered in England as a limited company (976410) and as a charity in England (261009) and Scotland (SCO39302)Registered Office: Sedum House, Mallard Way, Doncaster DN4 8DB. The silver birch has pointed, triangular leaves. Registered in England No. Leaves: The leaves of a Downy Birch are digitate with a rounder base and serrate edge. Soft on the outside. Find the perfect downy birch leaves stock photo. No need to register, buy now! Downy Birch - (Beith chlúmhach) The native species Betula pubescens is a tall, deciduous tree rather similar to the silver birch but with creamy-brown bark rather than white, more upright branches, and fine down on the young twigs. 294344) and in Scotland (No. Birch trees are particularly associated with specific fungi, including fly agaric, woolly milk cap, birch milk cap, birch brittlegill, birch knight, chanterelle and the birch polypore (razor strop).Woodpeckers and other hole-nesting birds often nest in the trunk, while the seeds are eaten by siskins, greenfinches and redpolls. Downy Birch (right) have more rounded, ovate leaves with less acutely pointed tips. They are also a food plant for the caterpillars of many moths, including the angle-shades, buff tip, pebble hook-tip, and Kentish glory. Leaf stalks are downy, as opposed to hairless on silver birch. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. Downy birch has both male and female flowers (catkins) on the same tree. The downy birch has oval leaves that are rounded or triangular at the base. The leaves, bark, and buds of the tree are used to make medicine. Downy birch is the most commonly seen birch in Northern Ireland. VAT No. See home details and neighborhood info of this 4 bed, 3 bath, 2260 sqft. Distribution and habitat. It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. The Downy Birch or Common White Birch, Betula pubescens, is an upright native tree with pale grey mature bark. Our Trees / How to buy / About / Information / Blog / Contact / A smaller tree. As successive generations live, shed leaves and die, a richer soil underneath the trees builds up. ID: Leaves as in picture below, irregularly toothed but not with clear primary and secondary teeth as in Silver Birch. Common name: downy birch, hairy birch, moor birch, white birch, common white birch, European white birch. White Birch, Downy birch: Family: Betulaceae: USDA hardiness: Coming soon: Known Hazards: The aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in birch tar are irritating to the skin. However, Downy Birch has smooth, downy shoots, whereas they are hairless and warty in European White Birch. Do not use in patients with oedema or with poor kidney or heart functions  Habitats: Open woodland and heaths, usually on acid soils, from sea level to 830 metres[1, 17, 100]. The leavesare ovate-acute, 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) long and 1.5 to 4.5 cm (0.6 t… In the fjeld … Facts. Silver birch and downy birch Area of distribution Both species have a wide area of distribution in the temperate zone. Areas of poor soil are quickly colonised by this tree. A young downy Birch. The edge of the leaf is coarsely toothed. They are mainly found on the undersides of leaves of downy birch (Betula pubescens), but they also occur on silver birch (Betula pendula) and occasionally on grey alder (Alnus incana). 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